The 28th state of the Indian Union was brought into existence by the Bihar reorganization Act on November 15, 2000 - the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand is famous for its rich mineral resources like Uranium, Mica, Bauxite, Granite, Gold, Silver, Graphite, Magnetite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Quartz, Fieldspar, Coal (32% of India), Iron, Copper (25%of India) etc. Forests and woodlands occupy more than 29% of the state which is amongst the highest inIndia.
1765 - Successful military mobilization to bring Santhal Pargana under British rule
1772-80 - Paharia revolt
1780-85 - Tilka Manjhi led the tribal revolt and managed to injure British army chief
1785 - Tilka Manjhi hanged to death in Bhagalpur
1795 - 1800 - Tamar revolt
1797 - Munda revolt under the leadership of Vishnu manaki
1798 - Chaur revolt in Birbhum Bankura
1798-99 - Bhoomij revolt of Manbhoom
1800-02 - Munda revolt under the stewardship of Dukhan Manaki of Tamar
1819-20 - Munda revolt in Palamu under the leadeship of Bhukan Singh
1832-33 - Khewar revolt under the leadership of Bhagirath, Dubai Gosai and Patel Singh
1833-34 - Bhumij revolt under the leadership of Ganga narain of Birbum
1855 - Santhals waged war against the permanent settlement of Lord Cornwallis
1855-60 - During late 1850’s Sidhu had accumulated about Ten Thousands Santhals to run parallel govt. against British rule. The basic purpose was to collect taxes by making his own laws. British govt. had announced an award of Rs. Ten Thousand to arrest Sidhu and his brother Kanhu. This movement remained very active in Kahalgaon and Raniganj.
1856 - Police brigade was constituted
1856-57 - Martyr Sahid Lal, Vishwanath Shahdeo, Sheikh Bhikhari, Ganptrai and Budhu Veer led a movement against the British gov. in the sepoy mutiny
1874-99 - This period is famous for Birsa movement
1874 - Kherwar movement shot into fame under the leadership of Bhagirathi manjhi
1881 - Kherwar movement started
1895-1900 - Launching of ULGLAN under the leadership of Birsa
1912 - Bihar bifurcated from Bengal and some parts of Chotanagpur merged into Bengal
1913 - Constitution of Chotnagpur unati samaj
1914 - Tana Bhajgat movement started which had the participation of more than 26000 tribals
1915 - Publication of Adivasi titled magazine started
1929 - Simon commission presented with a memorandum which demanded the information of Jharkhand state
1936 - Orissa was created as a separate state
1947 - On Dec. 28 All India Jharkhand Party came into inception
1951 - Jharkhand party was elected to Vidhan Sabha as a main opposition party
1969 - Shibu Soren founded the Sonat Santahl Samaj
1971 - A.K.Roy founded the Marxist M.C.C to demand the separate Jharkhand state
1973 - N.E.Horo named his party as Jharkhand Party and on March 12th he presented the then Prime Minister a memorandum for separate Jharkhand state
1977 - Jharkhand party proposed for separate Jharkhand state which included not only Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana of Bihar but adjoining area of Bengal
1978 - The convention of All India Jharkhand Party was held on May 21
1978 - June 9 came to co-memorated as Birsa day
1980 - Establishment of Jharkhand Kranti Dal
1986 -September 25, All Jharkhand Students Union gave its first call for Jharkhand bandh , it was a huge success
1987 - Call for boycott of Independence day . The home minister of India directed the bihar government to prepare a report on detailed profile of all districts of Chotnagpur and Santhal Pargana
1989 - 72 hours of economic blockade by AJSU was total success
1989 - 6 days of economic blockade by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha was success
1994 - On Jan 6 Laloo Prasad Yadav declared in Ranchi that Jharkhand devlopment autnomous council bill will be passed in budget session
1995 - Jharkhand area autonomous council was formed which comprised of 18 districts of Santhal Pargana and Chotnagpur and Shibu Soren was nominated as the Chairman
1997 - June , Bihar government sanctioned 24 Crores for conducting the elections of Jharkhand Autonomous Council
1997 - July , Shibu Soren offered support to minority government of Laloo Prasad Yadav with a condition of a separate Jharkhand bill in the assembly
The Year 2000 August 2 - The bill to create a separate state of Jharkhand to be carved out of Bihar was passed in Lok Sabha by voice with two key allies of ruling NDA strongly opposing the measure and the opposition Rashtriya Janta Dal and the CPI - M demanding it to be referred to a parliamentary committee. The long cherished demand of people of the region was fulfilled, the celebration is on through out the Jharkhand region.August 11 - Parliament today approved the formation of Jharkhand when the Rajya Sabha passed by voice - vote the Bihar reorganisation bill 2000 to carve out the new state out of Bihar's northern region.August - 25 - President Mr. K.R. Narayanan approved the Bihar reorganisation bill 2000.
October - 12 - The center has issued the gazette notification starting November 15 to be the appointed date for the formation of new Jharkhand Government.
Langauages Santhali , Mundari , Kurukh, Khortha, Nagpuria, Sadri, Khariya, Panchparagnia, Ho, Malto, Karmali, Hindi, Urdu, Bangla etc
Festivals Sarhul, Karma, Sohrai, Badna, Tusu, Id, X-mas, Holi, Dushahra etc
Folk Music Akhariya Domkach, Dohari Domkach, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Faguwa, Udasi, Pawas, Daidhara, Pahilsanjha, Adhratiya, Vinsariya, Pratkali, Jhumta etc
Folk dance Paika, Chaw, Jadur, Karma, Nachni, Natua, Agni, Choukara, Santhal, Jamda, Ghatwari, Matha, Sohrai, Lurisayro etc
Folk Singer Ghasi Ram, Ghasi Mahant, Rungtu, Ledaram, Vasudeo, Shekh Ali aan, Kanchan, Kripal Ram Deogharia, Pandey Durga Nath Rai, Pandey Virendra Nath rai, Prafulla Kumar Rai, Chamu Kamar, Bhawapritanand
Musical Kadri, Gupijantra, Sarangi, Tuila, Vyang, Anandlahri
Instruments Bansuri, Arbansi, Sahnai, Madanvari, Singa, Sankh Mandar, Dhol, Dhak, Dhamsa, Nagara, Damama, Karha, Tasa, Jurinagra, Visamdhanki, Thapchanchu, Kartal, Jhanjh, Thala, Manjhira, Ghanta
Paintings Santhali Bhittichitra, Oraon Bhittichitra, Jado Patiya
Rivers Damodar, Mayurakshi, barakar, Koyal, sankh, Son, Auranga, More, Karo, Bansloi, South Koel, Kharkai, Swarna Rekha, Ganga, Gumani, Batane
About 40 km. away from Ranchi on Tata Road falls a village named Taimara near which flows the Kanchi river, Falling from a height of about 144 feet Kanchi river makes a pretty fall called Dassam falls known as Dassam Ghagh also encircled with charming scences. The tourists are warned not to take bath in the falls or at least be careful while bathing in the stream.
Ranchi is nature’s bounty to mother India which has specially been adorned with falls and streams. Hundru falls is about 28 km. aways from Ranchi town. The Swarnarekha river falls from a height of 320 feet making a wonderful scene known as Hundru falls. During rainy season it takes a formidable form but in summer it turns into an exciting picnic spot
Jonha is about 40 km. away from Ranchi. The road leading to Jonha is a bit narrow but not so rough and rugged as well as arduous as that of Hundru. There is also a hospice Tourists rest house which accommodates Lord Gautam Budha’s temple. This falls is named after Gautam as Gautamdhara too, it is approachable by road. The tourists can go upto Gautamdhara station by train also.
About 70 km. From Ranchi on way to Chakradharpur is located Hirni Falls. Having situated amidst dense forest Hirni has been favoured by nature for scenic beauties. The tourists are carried away by emotions and flight of imagination while observing Hirni.
Ranchi, being situated at an altitude of 21,40 feet from sea level, is a popular health and holiday resort and a place of sacred pilgrimate.Some comely sights in the town include Ranchi Hill,Tagore Hill,Ranchi Lake etc.A panoramic view of the town can be behond from the hill top.The Shiva Temple situated on the top of the hill,is an added attraction for the devotees for whom it assumes the places of reverence during Shravanmas same as that of Baijnath Dham (Deoghar).
GONDA HILL & ROCK GARDEN
About 4 km. from G.P.O., Ranchi on Kanke Road,just in fornt of the CMPDIL Hq. Is situated the Gonda Hill with a water reservoir at its top. At the foot of the hill is a big lake known as Kanke Dam and a lucrative place for tourists.
About 3 km. from the Ranchi G.P.O. the Tagore Hill is about 300 ft. high. As the hill is associated with a history pertaining to Tagore family, it is known as Tagore Hill. A number of books are supposed to have been written by Rabindra Nath Tagore on the top of the hill. At the foot of the hill are situated the Ramakrishna Mission Ashram and its office and center of Divyayan and agrarian vocational institute.
JAGANNATHPUR TEMPLE & HILL
About 10 km. From Ranchi G.P.O. is another sight seeing place where the tourists can rejoice and worship. The old temple of lord Jagannath ,built in 1691 in the architectural style of Puri Temple stands like a fort on the top of the in the hill. Its car/chariot festival held light part on Ashadhmas draws a big crowd comprising of tribals and non-tribals. HEC township nearby is an added attraction.
Angrabadi is actually, a temple complex which accommodates the temples of Lords Ganpati, Ram-Sita and Hanuman and Shiva. The Shankracharya Swami Swarupanand Saraswati, having been captivated by serene, placid and celestial beauty of Angrabadi rechristened it as Amreshwar Dham.
About 39 km. From Ranchi on Tata Road near Bundu stands on the desolate bush green the elegant Sun temple fashioned in the form of huge chariot with richly decorated 18 wheels and seven life like horses ready to take of. Built by Sanskrit Vihar headed by Shri Ram Maroo, the managing director of Ranchi Express, the sun temple deserves the title "a poem in stone". The surroundings of the temple, studded with a pond serving as a sacred place for Chhathavratis are actually a natures bounty to the peple of Chotanagpur. A beautiful dharmashala , meant for the pilgrims. The all weather motorable road upto the temple premises is likely to attract tourists who will be captivated to behold the newly built sun temple in the placid and serene surrounding leading to its celestial bueaties.
How to Reach
156 Kms from Ranchi is 'Netarhat', the queen of Chotanagpur. It is situated at a height of 3,7000 ft above sea level and is a hill station of Jharkhand. Netarhat is a beautiful resort during summer. Dense forests, serpentine roads, cool bracing breeze, moonlit nights must have persuaded the English to call this place which possibly sums up 'nature' and heart of Netarhat. This place is an out of this world experience.
Lodh Falls :
61kms from Netarhat. It is one of the biggest water falls of Jharkhand where water falls from height of 468 ft.
Sadni Falls :
35 kms. - It is a snake type water fall and is very popular picnic spot.
Betla National Park :
215kms via Kuru and 104kms via Banari. It is a very rich National Park with tigers, panthers, elephants etc.
Air : Nearest Airport Ranchi (156 kms) is connected by Indian Airlines flights with Bombay, Patna, Calcutta & New Delhi.
The nearest airport Ranchi (91 kms) is connected with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines service.
Fare: Calcutta - Ranchi (Tue,Thu,Sun) Rs.1197 (Y).
Nearest railway station is Koderma which is 59 kms away or alternately one can apporach the National Park from Hazaribagh Road railway station (67 kms) on the Howarh-Delhi Grand Chord line.
Hazaribagh town is connected by road to Ranchi 91 kms, Dhanbad 128 kms, Gaya 130 kms, Patna 235 kms, Daltonganj 198 kms, Calcutta (via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 kms.
Bus : The Hazaribagh National Park is 19 kms from the Hazaribag town. Regular bus services connect the town with Koderma, Hazaribagh Road rly station, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Dalotongunj and other nearby places.
Internal Transport: Unmetered Taxis, Auto Ricksaws, Cycle Ricksaws and Taxis are available for the park from the Hazaribagh town.
The nearest Railway Station is Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar) which is a terminal station of a 7 kms branch line orignating from Jasidih Jn.
By road Baidyanath Dham (Deoghar) to Calcutta 373 kms, Giridih 112 kms, Patna 281 kms, Dumka 67 kms, Madhupur 57 kms, Shimultala 53 kms etc.
Long distance buses connect Baidyanath Dham with Bhagalpur, Hazaribagh, Ranchi, Tatanagar, Gaya etc.
Local Transport :
Unmetered Taxis, Scooters, Cycle Ricksaws are available.
Dhanbad was connected by Vayudoot Service with Patna and Ranchi which in turn connected by Indian Airlines services with Calcutta and Delhi.
Dhanbad has an important railway station on Eastern Railway and is very well connected with Patna,Calcutta and other important Cities in India.
Dhanbad is very well connected by roads with important towns in Jharkhand.
Jamshedpur, as the burgeoning township was named in 1919 in tribute to Tata Steel's Founder, is India's first planned industrial city. It is a model for the harmonious co-existence of industry and environment.Acres of verdant parks and gardens dot the city and provide bucolic sanctuaries from the pressures of everyday life.
Over 225 acres of lush green Parks dotted with flower beds and illuminated fountains, was presented by the Steel Company to the citizens of Jamshedpur in its Golden Jubilee Year.
TATA STEEL Zoological Park
A variety of fauna exists in conditions close to their natual habitat at the park. The adjoining lake, Jayanti Sarovar, offers boating facilities in idyllic scenery.
Sir Dorabji Tata Park
Manicured lawns and flower beds and brilliantly lit fountains provide a delightful touch of colour to the park.
The scenic confluence of the Kharkhai and Subarnarekha rivers is located at the north-west tip of the city.
Nestled in the picture and hilly terrain of Telco colony, the lake is a delightful retreat for those disirous of being in nature's lap within the city precincts.
Located at a distance of 13 kms from the city limits, at the foot of the Dalma Hills, its salubrious surrondings are ideal for an outing or a picnic.
Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary
Lurking in the thick cover of its jungles (193 sq.km) are elephants, barking deer, sloth bears, porcupines, leopards, tigers, etc. The steep slopes of Dalma are a trekker's delight.
Situated in the Chhotanagpur Plateau, the vast rolling topography of the city is typical, strewn by graded valleys and winding streams. In this setting, within a short period of two decades, a new city with a strong multi-dimensional economic base, has blossomed into a regional urban centre of around 8.0 lakh people drawn from different parts of the country, giving the city the character of Mini India.
Bokaro Steel City:
As the fourth integrated steel plant in the Public Sector, bokaro steel city was conceived in 1959. Bokaro Steel Plant actually started taking shape in 1965 with the collaboration of the then United Sovereign Of Soviet Republic. Major coalfields are located nearby. Bokaro City was built to provide housing and other community facilities for the plant's employees.
Garga Dam And Parasnath Hills:
Bokaro City is located in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of river Damodar with Garga, one of its tributaries meandering along the southern and eastern outskirts of the city. On the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks.
Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya:
It has a collection of over 40,000 books that meets the reading requirements of the people in the township.
Bokaro has a well-maintained City Park with an artificial lake. Recently three artificial islands have also been created.
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park:
A Biological Park named after Jawaharlal Nehru with a variety of animals and birds and a modern aquariu