Admission in India
Higher Education in India
Higher education is needed in order to increase social mobility
in India. In spite of lack of basic infrastructure in schools in
villages, Indian professions are in demand. This portrays the
quality strength of Indian education system.
India accounts for more than 7,40,000 formal schools; more than
3.6 million teachers who work full time; more than 175
Universities offering UG and PG courses and about 6000
affiliated colleges. The higher education involves +1 and +2
level. It forms the basic foundation for a studentís career
selecting the respective course based on individual interests.
The college education is followed after higher education which
focuses on a particular field of subject. The students are
allowed to choose any one of two subjects offered in higher
education system namely science and commerce. Improving literacy
levels in turn improves employment and reduces poverty resulting
in a development in socio-economic aspects. Providing easy
access to schools can bring up literacy levels.
Higher education is the third largest in the world. Institutes
like IITs are known globally for their high standards in UG
courses. Open and distance learning is provided by National
Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). It helps those students who
have missed their schooling.
Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) launched by the National Democratic
Alliance government focuses on providing quality education.
Literacy levels vary from place to place. In India female
literacy is always low compared to male literacy level. Kerala
is known to have highest literacy level and Bihar has lowest
literacy level. Reservations are provided for backward Scheduled
Castes and the Scheduled Tribes of India. Employment of skilled
teachers can improve literacy levels. Infrastructure and
surrounding atmosphere also play an important in efficient
Several measures that have been undertaken by the centre and
state governments has helped in increasing the retention rate of